Thyroid cancer is cancer of the butterfly-shaped gland at the base of the throat. The thyroid uses iodine, a mineral found in some foods and in iodized salt, to help make several hormones that control heart rate, body temperature, metabolism, and the amount of calcium in the blood.
There are four main types of thyroid cancer: papillary thyroid cancer, follicular thyroid cancer, medullary thyroid cancer, and anaplastic thyroid cancer. According to the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program 53,990 people living in the United States will be diagnosed with thyroid cancer and 2,060 will die of the disease in 2018.
Age, gender, and exposure to radiation can affect the risk of thyroid cancer.
Source: National Cancer Institute